Barbarity употребляется в значении 'жестокость, грубость, бесчеловечность' : unheard of barbarity 'неслыханное варварство'. Barbarism означает 'низкая ступень культурного развития, некультурность, невежество' и сравнительно редко переводится словом варварство: to live in ' barbarity 'находиться на низкой ступени культурного развития'. Barbarism имеет, помимо этого, специфическое значение в лингвистике – 'нарушающее языковые нормы слово или выражение, составленное по образцу другого языка', и в этом случае соответствует русскому варваризм.

Difficulties of the English language (lexical reference) English-Russian dictionary. 2014.

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Смотреть что такое "barbarism" в других словарях:

  • barbarism — BARBARÍSM, barbarisme, s.n. Cuvânt împrumutat dintr o limbă străină fără a fi necesar (şi fără a se asimila în aceasta); cuvânt de jargon. – Din fr. barbarisme, lat. barbarismus. Trimis de valeriu, 07.05.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  BARBARÍSM s.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Barbarism — may refer to:* Barbarism (derived from barbarian), the condition to which a society or civilization may be reduced after a societal collapse, relative to an earlier period of cultural or technological advancement; the term may also be used… …   Wikipedia

  • barbarism — barbarism, barbarity are frequently confused. Barbarism is used chiefly of a state of society or of a culture that may be described as barbarian, or as neither savage and crude nor civilized and highly refined {the savage mystic is also the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • barbarism — barbarism, barbarity Barbarism has the widest scope of reference, being applied to matters of taste as well as human behaviour, and it has a special meaning in relation to language (see barbarisms). Barbarity (and occasionally barbarousness,… …   Modern English usage

  • Barbarism — Bar ba*rism (b[aum]r b[.a]*r[i^]z m), n. [L. barbarismus, Gr. barbarismo s; cf. F. barbarisme.] 1. An uncivilized state or condition; rudeness of manners; ignorance of arts, learning, and literature; barbarousness. Prescott. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • barbarism — mid 15c., uncivilized or rude nature, from Fr. barbarisme (13c.), from L. barbarismus, from Gk. barbarismos foreign speech, from barbarizein to do as a foreigner does (see BARBARIAN (Cf. barbarian)). Only of speech in Greek, Latin, and French;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • barbarism — UK [ˈbɑː(r)bəˌrɪz(ə)m] / US [ˈbɑrbəˌrɪzəm] or barbarity UK [bɑː(r)ˈbærətɪ] / US [bɑrˈberətɪ] noun [uncountable] extremely violent and cruel behaviour …   English dictionary

  • barbarism — [n] crudity, savagery, especially in speech atrocity, barbarity, brutality, catachresis, coarseness, corruption, cruelty, impropriety, inhumanity, localism, malapropism, misusage, misuse, primitive culture, provincialism, solecism,… …   New thesaurus

  • barbarism — ► NOUN 1) extreme cruelty. 2) an uncivilized or primitive state. 3) a word or expression which is badly formed according to traditional rules, e.g. the word television, which is formed from two different languages. DERIVATIVES barbarity noun …   English terms dictionary

  • barbarism — [bär′bə riz΄əm] n. [L barbarismus < Gr barbarismos: see BARBAROUS] 1. a) the use of words and expressions not standard in a language b) a word or expression of this sort (Ex.: “youse” for “you”): see also 2. IMPROPRIETY, SOLECISM …   English World dictionary

  • barbarism — [[t]bɑ͟ː(r)bərɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT (disapproval) If you refer to someone s behaviour as barbarism, you strongly disapprove of it because you think that it is extremely cruel or uncivilized. We do not ask for the death penalty: barbarism must not… …   English dictionary

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